Posts Tagged 'Confederate States'

REVELATIONS ABOUT THE REAL LINCOLN

Abraham Lincoln is the most mythologized of all U.S. presidents. The following editorial, by Syndicated Columnist Walter Williams, includes some surprising revelations about the real Lincoln.

Does Civil War need a new name?

“We call the war of 1861 the Civil War.  But is that right?  A civil war is a struggle between two or more entities trying to take over the central government. Confederate President Jefferson Davis no more sought to take over Washington, D.C., than George Washington sought to take over London in 1776.  Both wars, those of 1776 and 1861, were wars of independence.  Such a recognition does not require one to sanction the horrors of slavery.  We might ask: How much of the war was about slavery?

“Was President Abraham Lincoln really for outlawing slavery?  Let’s look at his words.  In an 1858 letter, Lincoln said, ‘I have declared a thousand times, and now repeat that, in my opinion neither the General Government, nor any other power outside of the slave states, can constitutionally or rightfully interfere with slaves or slavery where it already exists.’

“In a Springfield, Illinois, speech, he explained: ‘My declarations upon this subject of Negro slavery may be misrepresented but cannot be misunderstood.  I have said that I do not understand the Declaration (of Independence) to mean that all men were created equal in all respects.’

“What about Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation?  Here are his words: ‘I view the matter (of slaves’ emancipation) as a practical war measure, to be decided upon according to the advantages or disadvantages it may offer to the suppression of the rebellion.’  He also wrote: ‘I will concede that emancipation would help us in Europe, and convince them that we are incited by something more than ambition.’  When Lincoln first drafted the proclamation, war was going badly for the Union. London and Paris were considering recognizing the Confederacy and assisting it in its war against the Union.

“Lincoln did articulate a view of secession that would have been heartily endorsed by the Confederacy: ‘Any people anywhere, being inclined and having the power, have the right to rise up and shake off the existing government and form a new one that suits them better. … Nor is this right confined to cases in which the whole people of an existing government may choose to exercise it.  Any portion of such people can revolutionize and make their own of so much of the territory as they inhabit.’  Lincoln expressed that view in an 1848 speech in the U.S. House of Representatives, supporting the war with Mexico and the secession of Texas.

“Why didn’t Lincoln share the same feelings about Southern secession? Follow the money.  During the 1850s, tariffs amounted to 90 percent of federal revenue. Southern ports paid 75 percent of tariffs in 1859.  What ‘responsible’ politician would let that much revenue go?”

Let me add that Lincoln’s admission of the true motive behind his Emancipation Proclamation (as a “practical war measure”) was clearly demonstrated in its application. Lincoln is considered the Great Emancipator, but facts prove otherwise.  The most damning is this: Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation applied only to the Confederate States.  It did not apply to the Border States. The Border States were four slave states that had not seceded from the United States: Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware. Under the Emancipation Proclamation, slavery continued in the Border States.

Slavery was not abolished in the United States until the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865.

[This is a reposting of a September 6, 2015, post]

WHAT FLAGS SHOW

This is the Flag of the modern state of Israel–the Zionist State.

Notice the Star of David–the primary symbol of the Jewish religion (Judaism). The modern state of Israel is a Jewish nationalist state–Judaism is its state religion. It was established only for Jews–and is maintained only for Jews.  It was established in terrorism–and is maintained in terrorism.  The Zionist State is a terrorist state–and always has been.  Many Jews consider the Israeli Flag’s use of the Star of David to be a travesty of Judaism–a sacrilege.  These Jews maintain that the new homeland promised the Jewish people in the Torah is to be established by God–not by man.  The modern state of Israel was established by man–and is maintained by man.  This is why many Jews consider it an affront to their faith–and to God.

 

This is the Flag of Palestine–the land that has been occupied by the Zionist State, the Jewish Nationalist State of Israel, since 1948.  The Palestinians are the indigenous people of Palestine.  Most of them are Arabs who have inhabited Palestine for over 1300 years.  Though most of these Palestinian Arabs are Muslim, a large minority of them is Christian.  The Jewish State of Israel makes no distinction between Muslim Arabs and Christian Arabs–it maintains that all Arabs are pests, to be exterminated if not removed.

The Israel of today is not the Israel of Biblical times.  Most of the Jews who live in the modern state of Israel are barely Jewish.  The original Jews of Palestine left that land almost two thousand years ago, in the wake of three failed Jewish revolts against the Roman Empire.  The Romans destroyed Jerusalem, and the Jewish Temple built by King Herod (whom Jews call Herod the Great).  This began what the Jews call the Diaspora (dispersion) –when the vast majority of Jews left Palestine, and moved into other regions of Asia, and into Europe.  Most of the Jews who inhabit the modern state of Israel are Ashkenazim (a.k.a. Ashkenazi Jews).  These are Jews who have interbred with Eastern Europeans for so many centuries that their ancestry is primarily Gentile–not Jewish.  And many of the Jews who inhabit the modern state of Israel are Khazarian Jews.  These are Jews who have interbred with Turks for so many centuries that their ancestry is primarily Gentile–not Jewish.

Notice how different the Palestinian Flag is from the Israeli Flag.  Indeed the only color it has in common with the Israeli Flag is white.  This is intentional–and understandable.  The Zionist Jews have invaded and occupied the homeland of the Palestinians covertly since 1918–and overtly since 1947.  The modern state of Israel was established in 1948 by foreign invaders–and is maintained by foreign invaders.  The Israeli military, at the direction of the Israeli government, has been subjugating, slaughtering, and displacing the indigenous people of Palestine for almost seventy years.

So the Flag of Palestine is in direct contrast to the Flag of the modern state of Israel–because the modern state of Israel is, in reality, Occupied Palestine.

 

 

 

This is the Flag of Britain (a.k.a. the Union Flag, the Union Jack).  The British Empire was the largest in history.  There was even a saying among the people of all the lands occupied by Britain–that the sun never set on the British Empire. England invaded and occupied Wales, Scotland, and Ireland to create Britain. And Britain (a.k.a. the United Kingdom) is comprised of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland today.

 

This is the Flag of Ireland.

Britain’s King James began the invasion and occupation of Ireland in the early seventeenth century–with the Plantation of Ulster.

The Protestant King James began the British occupation of Catholic Ireland by allowing Scottish and English Protestants to settle in the Northern region of Ireland.  Just as Jewish Zionist settlers have been allowed to forcibly displace the indigenous people of Palestine, with the full military support of the Zionist State (supported, in turn, with money and weaponry provided by foreign governments–primarily that of the United States), Protestant Scottish and English settlers were allowed to forcibly displace the indigenous people of Ireland, in what was called the Plantation of Ulster, with the full military support of Britain.

In time, Protestant Britain occupied all of Catholic Ireland.  And this British Occupation of Ireland didn’t end until the early twentieth century–when the Irish overthrew their British overlords, and established the Republic of Ireland.

Yet Northern Ireland–the old Plantation of Ulster–remains occupied by the Protestant descendants of the Protestant Scottish and English settlers who were allowed to forcibly displace the indigenous people of the Northern region of Ireland, with the full military support of Britain.

So the British state of Northern Ireland is, in reality, Occupied Northern Ireland.

Notice how different the Irish Flag is from the British Flag.  Indeed the only color it has in common with the British Flag is white.  This is intentional–and understandable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is the First Flag of the United States of America (a.k.a. the Stars and Stripes, the Star-Spangled Banner, Old Glory).

Notice how similar the United American Flag is to the British Flag.  Indeed its colors are the same–only their arrangement is different.  This is intentional.

Unlike Palestine or Ireland, the United States was not occupied by a foreign power.  In fact, the land of the Native Americans was–and still is–occupied by the United States.

The thirteen British American colonies did not want war with Britain–they wanted Britain to reclaim certain standards of justice and equality that it had forsaken under King George III and the Whig Party.

And in establishing the United States of America, under the uncertainty of an unwanted war, these thirteen colonies considered their new nation to be a reclamation of those standards of justice and equality that Britain had forsaken.

In other words, the United States–from its point of view–was Britain reformed.

 

 

 

 

This is the First Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Stars and Bars).

Notice how similar the Confederate American Flag is to the United American Flag. Indeed its colors are the same–only their arrangement is different.  This is intentional.

The seven United American states of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas did not want war with the United States–they wanted the United States to reclaim certain standards of justice and equality that it had forsaken under Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party.

And war was not necessary.

Because, in 1860, there was nothing written in the United States Constitution regarding secession, President James Buchanan granted these seven states the right to peacefully secede from the United States of America, and form their own nation–the Confederate States of America.

And in establishing the Confederate States of America, the seven states of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas considered their new nation to be a reclamation of those standards of justice and equality that the United States had forsaken.

In other words, the Confederate States–from its point of view–was the United States reformed.

 

 

 

 

This is the First Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Stars and Bars).

Notice how similar the Confederate American Flag is to the United American Flag. Indeed its colors are the same–only their arrangement is different.  This is intentional.

Notice that a star has been added to the United American Flag.  This star represents Kansas.

Because of the question of the expansion of slavery into Western territories–specifically Kansas and Nebraska–it is popularly believed that the states that seceded from the United States, and formed the Confederate States, did so for the preservation of the institution of slavery.

This popular assumption is incorrect–and there are several reasons why.

None of the slave states that initially seceded from the United States, and formed the Confederate States, bordered the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.  And the only one of these states that bordered the territory of Oklahoma was Texas.

The only slave state that bordered Kansas or Nebraska was Missouri–and it never seceded.

And when the seven states of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the United States, they forfeited all rights to the Western territories–including Kansas and Nebraska.

In other words, the seven slave states that initially seceded from the United States, and formed the Confederate States, had nothing to gain–in the interest of slavery–by seceding.

Notice that six stars have been added to the Confederate American Flag.  These stars represent Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, and Missouri.

Abraham Lincoln took office, as the first Republican president of the United States, on March 4, 1861.

Though Lincoln clearly stated, in his inaugural address, that he did not intend to abolish slavery where it already existed, he also refused to acknowledge the Confederate States of America.

President Lincoln refused to uphold the decision made by President James Buchanan, his Democratic predecessor.

Lincoln considered South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas to be rebellious states–though there was nothing against which they had rebelled.

He considered all citizens of the Confederate States of America to be rebels–though there was nothing against which they had rebelled.

And President Abraham Lincoln considered the war he waged–to force the states of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas back into the United States–to be a rebellion.

It was not until Lincoln waged this war, less than two months after he took office, that the states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas seceded from the United States, and joined the Confederate States of America.

Though these four states were also slave states, they didn’t secede for the preservation of the institution of slavery either.  They seceded because they considered the United States of America’s invasion of the Confederate States of America to be unconstitutional, unnecessary–and completely unjustified.

And though Kentucky and Missouri were two of the four slave states that never seceded from the United States (the other two were Maryland and Delaware), many citizens of these two states also considered the United States of America’s invasion of the Confederate States of America to be unconstitutional, unnecessary, and completely unjustified–so much that they joined the Confederate forces to fight their own countrymen.

It was for this reason that–in addition to the four stars added to the Confederate American Flag to represent Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas–two stars were added to represent Kentucky and Missouri.

 

 

 

 

The Confederate American Flag was very similar to the United American Flag. Indeed its colors were the same–only their arrangement was different.  This was intentional.

Yet on a field of battle, it proved impractical.

During the Battle of First Manassas, General P.G.T. Beauregard observed that the Confederate American Flag’s similarity to the United American Flag caused confusion in the midst of battle.

After the battle, General Beauregard commissioned the design of a Confederate American flag for battlefield use only.

Thus was the Confederate American Battle Flag born–and introduced on November 28, 1861.

Though other flags were used by Confederate American troops in battle, this was the official battle flag.

Yet it was never adopted by the Confederate States Congress as the official flag of the Confederate States of America.  As General Beauregard had intended, the Confederate American Battle Flag was only for battlefield use.

 

 

 

 

This is the Battle Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Southern Cross, the Cross of St. Andrew).

Notice how similar the Confederate American Battle Flag is to the United American Flag.  Indeed its colors are the same–only their arrangement is different.  This is intentional.

 

 

 

 

This is the Second Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Stainless Banner).

Notice how similar the Confederate American Flag is to the United American Flag. Indeed its colors are the same–only their arrangement is different.  This is intentional.

Though the Confederate American Battle Flag was only for battlefield use, its design became increasingly popular among Confederate American troops.  This is understandable.

And because the tide had begun to turn against the Confederate States of America, by the spring of 1863, the Confederate States desired a flag less similar to that of the United States.  This is understandable too.

Thus was the Second Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Stainless Banner) born.

 

 

 

 

This is the Third Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Blood-Stained Banner).

Notice how similar the Confederate American Flag is to the United American Flag. Indeed its colors are the same–only their arrangement is different.  This is intentional.

In time, it was observed that the Second Confederate Flag, when furled, too often resembled a flag of truce.

Thus was the Third Confederate Flag (a.k.a. the Blood-Stained Banner) born.

A flag is a piece of cloth that says something.  It is a piece of cloth that speaks.

Yet a flag is a piece of cloth that shows something too.

Since June 22, 2015–when a self-serving politician blamed a mass murder on a flag, and called for the censorship of that flag–self-serving state and local politicians all over the American South have been likewise censoring all flags representing the historical Confederate States of America.

And these same self-serving politicians have begun destroying monuments representing the historical Confederate States of America.

They have been doing this without the consent of their Southern American constituents–of any race or ethnicity.

These self-serving politicians–the overwhelming majority of whom are White Republicans–justify their government-imposed censorship by claiming that the Confederate States of America was diametrically opposed to the United States of America.  They claim that the Confederate States of America wanted nothing to do with the United States of America, in any way–that it considered the United States of America to be nothing but an enemy, from the very beginning, nothing to be admired or imitated in any manner.

These politicians know they are lying–as politicians always do.

They can lie about what flags say.

But they cannot lie about what flags show.

Look closely at this flag–and tell me what it shows.

WEIRD PENSACOLA POLITICIANS

In 2000, the Confederate Battle Flag in Pensacola’s Five-Flags Displays was replaced with the First Confederate Flag (a.k.a. the Stars and Bars).

Yet on June 24, 2015, Republican Pensacola Mayor Ashton Hayward censored the First Confederate Flag–by replacing it with the State Flag of Florida.  He did this without the consent of his constituents.

Then on June 25, 2015, all five members of the Escambia County Commission–Republican Doug Underhill, Republican Grover C. Robinson IV, Republican Steven Barry, Republican Wilson Robertson (whose seat is now occupied by Republican Jeff Bergosh), and Democrat Lumon May–chose to keep the First Confederate Flag censored from Pensacola’s Five-Flags Displays.  They did this without the consent of their constituents–including me.

The First Confederate Flag remains censored from our Five-Flags Displays–without our consent.  We have not even been allowed to vote on this.  Because our historical flags displays belong to us, all the people of Escambia County, Florida–not to the politicians who have censored them–this government-imposed censorship is a gross infringement on our First-Amendment right to freedom of speech.

The censorship of the First Confederate Flag from Pensacola’s Five-Flags Displays is historically inaccurate.  The State of Florida was a nation only according to one obscure source on the Internet–and only for two or three weeks in 1861.  And according to this source, that Republic of Florida’s flag was of a totally different design than that of the State of Florida.

The censorship of the First Confederate Flag from Pensacola’s Five-Flags Displays is also downright ridiculous.  Although African slavery was practiced in the Confederate States, African slavery continued to be practiced in the United States–in Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri–until the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified by senators and representatives of both the United States and the Occupied Confederate States, in December, 1865 (Republican President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation was simply a propaganda tool to elicit the support of Britain and France, because it only applied to the Confederate States–the remaining slave states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri were exempt from it).

And Spain, France, and Britain were three of the five European powers that brought African slaves to the Americas, in the first place (the other two were Portugal and the Netherlands).

Politicians who censor flags from their constituents’ historical flags displays–especially without their constituents’ consent–are control freaks.

And control freaks are weird.

REVELATIONS ABOUT THE REAL LINCOLN

Abraham Lincoln is arguably the most mythologized of all U.S. presidents. The following editorial, by Syndicated Columnist Walter Williams, includes some surprising revelations about the real Lincoln.

Does Civil War need a new name?

We call the war of 1861 the Civil War.  But is that right?  A civil war is a struggle between two or more entities trying to take over the central government. Confederate President Jefferson Davis no more sought to take over Washington, D.C., than George Washington sought to take over London in 1776.  Both wars, those of 1776 and 1861, were wars of independence.  Such a recognition does not require one to sanction the horrors of slavery.  We might ask: How much of the war was about slavery?

Was President Abraham Lincoln really for outlawing slavery?  Let’s look at his words.  In an 1858 letter, Lincoln said, “I have declared a thousand times, and now repeat that, in my opinion neither the General Government, nor any other power outside of the slave states, can constitutionally or rightfully interfere with slaves or slavery where it already exists.”

In a Springfield, Illinois, speech, he explained: “My declarations upon this subject of Negro slavery may be misrepresented but cannot be misunderstood.  I have said that I do not understand the Declaration (of Independence) to mean that all men were created equal in all respects.”

What about Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation?  Here are his words: “I view the matter (of slaves’ emancipation) as a practical war measure, to be decided upon according to the advantages or disadvantages it may offer to the suppression of the rebellion.”  He also wrote: “I will concede that emancipation would help us in Europe, and convince them that we are incited by something more than ambition.”  When Lincoln first drafted the proclamation, war was going badly for the Union.  London and Paris were considering recognizing the Confederacy and assisting it in its war against the Union.

Lincoln did articulate a view of secession that would have been heartily endorsed by the Confederacy: “Any people anywhere, being inclined and having the power, have the right to rise up and shake off the existing government and form a new one that suits them better. … Nor is this right confined to cases in which the whole people of an existing government may choose to exercise it.  Any portion of such people can revolutionize and make their own of so much of the territory as they inhabit.”  Lincoln expressed that view in an 1848 speech in the U.S. House of Representatives, supporting the war with Mexico and the secession of Texas.

Why didn’t Lincoln share the same feelings about Southern secession?  Follow the money.  During the 1850s, tariffs amounted to 90 percent of federal revenue. Southern ports paid 75 percent of tariffs in 1859.  What “responsible” politician would let that much revenue go?

 

Let me add that Lincoln’s admission of the true motive behind his Emancipation Proclamation (as a “practical war measure”) was clearly demonstrated in its application.  Lincoln is considered the Great Emancipator, but facts prove otherwise.  The most damning is this: Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation applied only to the Confederate States.  It did not apply to the Border States. The Border States were four slave states that had not seceded from the United States: Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware.  Under the Emancipation Proclamation, slavery continued in the Border States, even after the slaves in the Confederate States were freed.  Slavery was ended in Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware only as each of those states’ governments abolished it.

HERITAGE AND HISTORY: THE CONFEDERATE FLAG

Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate FlagScott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 2Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 3Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 4Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 5Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 6Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 7Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 8Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 9Scott Mayo, with 1st Confederate Flag 10That’s right–heritage and history.  To most of us Southerners, the Confederate Flag represents heritage and history.  It does not represent hatred–and it never did.  White supremacist groups, like the Ku Klux Klan, use the Confederate Flag–almost exclusively the Confederate Battle Flag–to represent themselves.  But White supremacist groups do not represent the majority of White Southerners.  And the Confederate Battle Flag was used by segregationists in the mid Twentieth Century to represent their agenda.  But segregationists did not represent all of us Southerners then–and they do not represent most of us Southerners now.

The militant opponents of the Confederate Flag–who shamelessly used the murder of nine people in a Charleston church for their totally irrelevant agenda–did nothing to heal the Black community or the Christian community (Black and White) in the American South.  They only inflicted a new wound–a divisive and hurtful wound in the collective heart of White Southerners–as if their ultimate goal were to destroy the Southern community itself.  And the Southern politicians–most of them White Republicans–who so easily gave in to the demands of these anti-Southerners–most of them White Democrats–opened this newly-inflicted wound into the bleeding gash it is today.

In the wake of the mass murder in Charleston, the only relevant political issue is gun ownership–not the Confederate Flag.  The only relevant question is this:  How did the murderer so easily obtain the gun he used to kill those nine people?  Yet the only question being asked is why the Confederate Flag is still being flown in Charleston, South Carolina, or anywhere else.  And the irrelevancy of this question cannot be emphasized enough.  As a result of this dodging of the real issue, it is now more difficult to obtain a Confederate flag than to obtain a handgun.  And this is insane–not to mention extremely dangerous to our freedom of speech, which is guaranteed in the First Amendment.

Still, I managed to purchase a Confederate flag at the last moment–not the Confederate Battle Flag (I already had it–purchased in the still-sane 1980s from Spencer Gifts), but the First Flag of the Confederate States of America (a.k.a. the Stars and Bars).  And this is the Confederate Flag I am holding in the pictures above.

Since I mention the 1980s, let me step back a moment.  I was born in 1966, after the Civil Rights Act had been passed.  I was born and raised in the late 1960s, the 1970s, and the 1980s.  There were problems in America then–but they were nothing compared to the problems in America now.  It really was a better time for most Americans–especially because this digital-age technology didn’t exist.  Yet it was also a better time because people weren’t so hysterical about political correctness.  The court of public opinion–specifically the mass media in the United States–was not so shallow, sensationalistic, closed-minded, condescending, irresponsible, divisive, and ever-present as it is today.  When I was a kid in the 1970s, I even had a Confederate Battle Flag T-shirt.  And I got no flack about it from anyone–Black or White.  I even saw a Black man wearing a Confederate Battle Flag cap once in the 1980s–and it was obvious that his friends weren’t bothered by it at all.  And, as aforementioned, I bought a Confederate Battle Flag in the 1980s at Spencer Gifts–hung it on the ceiling of my apartment in the 1990s and even here at my late grandparents’ house into the Twenty-First Century.  In fact, the only reason I took it down was that Hurricane Ivan did so much damage to my ceiling in 2004, and it needed repairs.  So I stashed the flag away, giving it no more thought than when I first hung it on my ceiling.  And it had nothing to do with racial hatred–I was just proud of my Southern heritage.  There really was a time when people of all races and ethnicities–and both sexes–could speak freely and openly without being instantly labeled as racist, sexist, or anti-whatever by others.  But that time is gone–it was replaced by this walking-on-eggshells society, beginning in the 1990s.  And this is a shame.  Because when people cannot talk openly about their conflicts with people who are different from themselves, these conflicts can never be resolved.

This is a godless time, an evil time, truly the beginning of the end of the world–not the planet, just the world.  And I wish to God I could simply escape this time altogether.  But you know that, if you’ve read my previous posts.

Since I already had a Confederate Battle Flag when this mass hysteria over the flag began–why did I feel the need to purchase the First Confederate Flag?  Because this madness was still far away from Pensacola, Florida–and then it spread here overnight.  And here, in what used to be the City of Five Flags, the First Flag of the Confederate States of America–which replaced the Confederate Battle Flag many years ago–was suddenly removed.  This hysteria had gone too far–and it had finally hit me where I lived.

I digress here again, in order to give some background on the Confederate Flag.  There’s alot of confusion about the Confederate Flag because there were different designs, during the short history of the Confederate States of America.  The First Confederate Flag (a.k.a. the Stars and Bars) was just that–the first.  As the United States’s capitol was first Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (before Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia) was established as its capitol), the Confederate States’s capitol was first Montgomery, Alabama (before Richmond, Virginia was selected as its capitol).  And the First Confederate Flag was flown over the capitol building in Montgomery.  As you can see in the pictures above, the First Confederate Flag looked very similar to the United States Flag.  And this was why the Confederate Battle Flag (a.k.a. the Southern Cross) was created.  In the early days of the war between the United States and the Confederate States, the Confederate Flag looked so similar to the U.S. Flag on the battlefield, that there was friendly fire on both sides.  Because of this, the Confederate States agreed to change its flag design radically–but only for the battlefield.  Thus was the Confederate Battle Flag (a.k.a. the Southern Cross) created.  The Confederate Battle Flag was never the official flag of the Confederate States of America–it was only used in battle, never flown over the Confederate capitol.

The Second Confederate Flag (a.k.a. the Stainless Banner) was designed to replace the Stars and Bars over the capital.  It was a solid white flag with the Southern Cross in the upper left-hand corner.  It was created to resemble the U.S. flag much less than the first (i.e. to show more of a distinction between the Confederate States and the United States).  And finally, the Third Confederate Flag was designed in 1865.  It was basically of the same design as the Stainless Banner–except that it had a red, vertical stripe on the right edge.  This was designed because it was decided that the Second Confederate Flag, when furled, could be mistaken for a flag of truce (because of the plain white banner that covered most of the flag).

I could include images of the Second Confederate Flag and the Third Confederate Flag–but they are not displayed today as much as the first (and you can look these up yourself).  And I could include an image of the Confederate Battle Flag–but surely you’ve seen this one already.

At the time I wrote GIVING THE MASS MURDERER WHAT HE WANTS, I thought Pensacola would be spared this madness (as well as my hometown of Mobile, Alabama).  The reason was this: Just as the Confederate Battle Flag was replaced with the Third Confederate Flag in the display of Mobile’s six flags (those of France, Spain, Britain, the Republic of Alabama, the Confederate States of America, and the United States of America) many years before, the Confederate Battle Flag was replaced with the First Confederate Flag in the display of Pensacola’s five flags (those of Spain (specifically the Flag of Castile and Leon), France (specifically the France Modern Banner of Charles V), Britain, the Confederate States of America, and the United States of America), not long after I moved here in 1998.

The very reason the Confederate Battle Flag was replaced with the First Confederate Flag in the display of Pensacola’s five flags (the flags of the five nations under which Pensacola, Florida had existed) was the negative association (albeit arguably misplaced) with the Confederate Battle Flag. When the Confederate Battle Flag (the Southern Cross) was replaced with the First Confederate Flag (the Stars and Bars) among the five flags of Pensacola, I had misgivings.  But when I came to understand that the First Confederate Flag more accurately represented the Confederate States of America than the Confederate Battle Flag, I came to accept this change.

Although the Confederate Battle Flag was just that–the flag used to represent the Confederacy on the battlefield only–it was later used by White supremacists and segregationists.  And this is unfortunate.  Because this flag could not help being associated with White supremacists and segregationists in the minds of Black Americans who had been relentlessly persecuted by such bigots.

And I felt that replacing the Confederate Battle Flag with the First Confederate Flag was a reasonable way to show consideration for Black residents of Pensacola, while still acknowledging the Confederate States of America’s place in the heritage and history of Pensacola.

And I rested assured, last month, that Pensacola would be spared this Confederate Flag hysteria–but my assurance was soon shattered, along with my faith in the character and judgement of the local political leaders here.

Thursday, June 25–just two days after I’d written the aforementioned post–I played back the local news I’d recorded to see the weather forecast, and was very unpleasantly surprised by the top news story:  Pensacola Mayor Ashton Hayward had ordered that all Confederate Flags–including the First Confederate Flag–be removed from all Five Flags displays in Pensacola.  I was disgusted by this–but knew I had no say in it, since I lived just outside the City of Pensacola.  Yet when it was announced that this included the Five Flags display at Osceola Municipal Golf Course, I realized that didn’t seem legitimate–because Osceola Golf Course was outside the City of Pensacola too.

So I called Mayor Hayward’s office, and left an after-hours message.  I said I didn’t think he had the authority to order the flag removed at Osceola Golf Course because that was outside the city limits of Pensacola. Then I called the office of Doug Underhill, the County Commissioner for my district of Escambia County–which includes the Osceola Golf Course. And I left an after-hours message stating the same thing–that I didn’t think Mayor Hayward had the authority to order the First Confederate Flag removed at Osceola Golf Course–and asking Commissioner Underhill to check on this.  I also added that, if the flag of the Confederate States of America was removed from the display, the flags of Spain, France, Britain, and even the United States of America should also be removed–because all four of these other nations had also practiced slavery of Africans in the Americas.

And the next morning, when I drove by the Osceola Golf Course–I noticed that all five flags had been removed from the display there.  I was delighted!  I figured that Commissioner Underhill had listened to my message himself, and agreed that all five flags needed to be removed.  I thought perhaps even others in my neighborhood had called or emailed his office, and made the same point.

Yet on my way back home, only two hours later, I saw that all five flags in the display at Osceola Golf Course had been raised again–except the First Flag of the Confederate States of America.  It had been replaced with the flag of the State of Florida.  This was ridiculous!  The State of Florida had also practiced slavery of Africans!

And that afternoon, I read what had actually happened, glancing at the headlines of the local newspaper–the Escambia County Commission had ordered the removal of the First Confederate Flag from all city and county buildings and grounds, and ordered it to be replaced with the State Flag of Florida.  Looking at the photograph, I could see that outside activists had petitioned the County Commission.  And I could see something else–all of these activists were White.  They surrounded one Black man–congratulating him in the most patronizing manner.  The photograph on the front page told the whole story.  These were White activists whose goal was totally self-serving.  And they were condescending to this Black man, as if using him as a pawn for their anti-Southern agenda.  It was disgusting!

And that’s how the Five-Flags display in front of the Osceola Municipal Golf Course remains today.  That’s how all such displays in Greater Pensacola remain today.  The flags of every nation under which Pensacola has existed remain as before–except that of the Confederate States of America.  A part of Pensacola’s heritage has been removed–a part of Pensacola’s history has been removed.  And because of this, the City of Pensacola, Florida, is no longer truly recognized as the City of Five Flags. Would it be the same if the Flag of Spain, the Flag of France, the Flag of Britain, or the Flag of the United States had been removed?  I think it would.

Since the Escambia County Commission has chosen to remove the First Confederate Flag from the historic display, the least it can do is remove all of the other flags except that of the United States of America–because that is the current nation under which the city of Pensacola exists.  And I wouldn’t mind that.  I made it clear, in the phone message I left for Commissioner Doug Underhill, that I loved the United States of America deeply, and that I was proud of my heritage as a Southern American.

Either raise the First Confederate Flag back to its rightful place among the Five Flags of Pensacola’s heritage and history–or remove all five flags, with the possible exception of the Flag of the United States.  This is what I expect of the Commission of Escambia County, Florida.

OUR COUNTRY IS OUR RESPONSIBILITY

SCOTT MAYO 13SCOTT MAYO 14SCOTT MAYO 15

When the United States of America–my country–is destroying itself, while simultaneously attempting to erase the memory of another country it destroyed in war–the Confederate States of America–as if to divert attention from its own self-destruction–what can I do but call for the acknowledgement of a country that has never been, but has every right to be–Palestine?  Especially since my country–the United States of America–is the primary financial, political, and military supporter of an illegally and inhumanely contrived country–the Zionist State (Israel)–whose very establishment was a major atrocity, in that it displaced the population of Muslims and Christians who had lived and died in that region known as Palestine for over 1300 years?  This same Zionist State continuing to practice a sort of genocide against these Arabs, both Muslim and Christian, to this day, with increasing brutality?

As an American who truly loves his country, it is my responsibility to hold my country accountable for the atrocities it commits against itself at home–as well as the atrocities it supports abroad.

And if you truly love the United States of America, you will hold it accountable for what it does at home and abroad.  You cannot leave the fate of your country in the hands of leaders whose only allegiance is to themselves or to their respective political parties.  If you are a citizen of the United States of America, you have a privilege that those in most other countries in the world do not have–the right to direct your country’s government.  But if you do not exercise this privilege, you will soon be without it.  The government of the United States of America was established as one of the people, by the people, and for the people–and it is the responsibility of the people themselves to keep it that way.


Archives

Categories